Public Works


Whether you live or work in the City of Winona, you are using the services of the Public Works Department every day. We build and maintain your streets, pump your water, and light your streets. We provide sewer services and storm drainage as well as flood protection. We also provide a compost site and a municipal airport.


Winona Municipal Airport Max Conrad Field 100 Galewski Drive Winona, MN 55987

  • Keith Nelson; Airport Director (507) 457-8274  – City Hall
  • George Bolon    Fixed Based Operator (FBO) (507) 452-2220 – Airport

The Winona Municipal Airport Provides:

  • 5100 ft. paved runway
  • instrument approach to airport
  • automated weather services

Fixed Based Operator (FBO) provides:


  • 100 LL
  • Jet A with prist


  • Hangar
  • Crew Facilities
  • T-Hangars

T-Hangar Information:

The City of Winona owns three T-hangars which together provide 20 hangar spaces.

Terms are generally based on a monthly rate, payable quarterly in advance. Current rates are:

  • 8-unit T-hangar:  Units 1 and 8 (end units) $160.00 per month.  Units 2 – 7 (middle units) $140.00 per month.
  • 6-unit T-hangar:  Units 2D – 7D (end units are storage units only) $180.00 per month plus electricity.  Each of these units has its own electric meter.
  • 6-unit T-hangar: Units 2E-7E: $180.00 per month plus electricity. Each of these units has its own electric meter.

All T-hangars are individually keyed.

For any question relating to these T-hangars, please call (507) 457-8274


The Central Garage at 1104 W 3rd St. with a staff of 4 employees is headquarters for maintenance and repair of all city vehicles and equipment and also serves as a base for the Street Department, Airport Maintenance, and Park Maintenance Tree Crew.

This facility also provides a 24 hour access fueling station for the needs of all departments.

In 1972 the City Council and Administration recognized the need to look at the feasibility of constructing a centralized facility which would consolidate all vehicle maintenance and repair under one roof and serve as a base for multiple departments. This facility would also provide heated storage for Public Works vehicles and equipment to maximize response in adverse weather conditions.

Construction on the Central Garage started in May 1974 and was completed in February 1975.

The cost of the 24,000 square foot building including site acquisition and preparation, engineering, architectural fees and construction totaled $628,000.

On August 9, 1975, dedication ceremonies were held at the Central Garage featuring our U.S. Senator Hubert H. Humphrey as the dedication speaker.

Broadway Street Project

JUNE 1 UPDATE: The Winona City Council has voted to approve this project.

The city plans to reconstruct Broadway Street as a three-lane road between Sioux Street and Mankato Avenue. This project is primarily intended to improve pedestrian safety, as well as create a safer roadway for drivers and cyclists.

The project will convert the current two lanes in either direction into a single lane in either direction, with a middle lane constructed as a two-way left-turn lane. 

The project will create dedicated bike lanes in either direction.

The project will replace all non-conforming pedestrian ramps and will bring them into compliance with the American Disabilities Act (ADA) standards.  There also would be about five intersections where curb bump outs will be constructed.

Stantec and the city have secured federal grants for the majority of costs, nearly $2 million. The remainder of the cost, about $1.3 million, will come from state aid funds; the city doesn’t plan to use local tax dollars for this project.


Check out this storymap from Stantec, the consulting firm working with the city on the project. It provides a detailed look at the project and should answer most questions.

Here’s an aerial map that provides a block-by-block look at the proposed changes.

This style of project is sometimes referred to as a “Road Diet” – here’s more info on what that means:

Road Diet Common FAQ

Road Diet Common Question & Answers

Here are a few other links with more information:

Description of Road Diets from the Federal Highway Administration
Summary of Road Diet projects in Minnesota
Road Diet Examples from Minnesota


Here are answers to common questions the city has received:

The city has been looking at changes to Broadway for some time because of ongoing safety concerns, as well as the age of the roadway, and the city recently received federal funding to pay for a majority of the project if it effectively addresses the safety concerns.

Pedestrian safety is the largest issue. Broadway’s design, combined with driver behavior, has led to crashes that have resulted in severe injuries and deaths. Four-lane roads present significant challenges for pedestrians, and Broadway has consistent pedestrian traffic both downtown and east of Franklin Street. 

Reducing a 4-lane road to 3 lanes is a common and affordable option for cities to balance multiple needs. It helps drivers maintain appropriate speeds, provides safer crossings for pedestrians, creates safer lanes for bicyclists, and creates larger and clearly marked shoulder/parking lanes for residents, delivery drivers, postal service workers, and other users.

Broadway’s traffic count has been studied, and this change is not expected to create any significant issues for drivers in terms of access or travel time. 

The change would create easier and more accessible crossings throughout Broadway Street, as well as upgrades to ramps and sidewalks to comply with ADA standards.

The change would provide clear, marked bike lanes in both directions, which Broadway has not previously had.

This change would create a safer and more predictable environment for emergency responders, who would only have to navigate one lane of traffic instead of two.

Stantec and the City of Winona secured funding for the majority of project costs through federal grants. The Federal Highway Administrations awarded the project an “Innovation Grant” for $1M and a “Transportation Alternatives Grant” for an additional $900K, leaving about $1.3M in costs – this would be covered through Minnesota state aid funds; no local tax dollars are expected to be used.



  • January: City receives $1 million federal grant
  • March: Public meeting held to present project, collect public input
  • April/May: Public input and engagement
  • June 1: Winona City Council votes to approve project
  • Fall: Submit final plans to Federal Highway Administration, Minnesota Department of Transportation for approval


  • Winter: Ask construction companies for project bids
  • Spring: Open bids for project
  • Summer: Construction begins

The FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Map for the City of Winona is located in the Engineering Office, Room 205, City Hall.  To determine if your property is located in a floodplain and whether or not flood insurance would be required, call the Engineering Office at (507) 457-8269.

Individual Panel Maps can be purchased at the Engineering Office.  Due to size, the maps are unavailable online; however, you can contact [email protected] to request a map (.pdf file) be emailed to you.

Elevation Certificate must be prepared and certified by either a land surveyor, engineer, or architect who is authorized by state, or local law to certify elevation information.  Community officials who are authorized by local law or ordinance to provide floodplain management information may also sign the certificate.  To request the City to perform the necessary survey work and prepare the elevation certificate you will need to complete the Elevation Certificate Request Form-PDF  or Elevation Certificate Request Fill In Form and submit with payment of $250.00.

FEMA’s National Flood Insurance Program information is available on their website:  and many of your questions may be answered in the section, “Ask the Expert”.


Gopher State One-Call is the Minnesota Underground Facility Notification Center through which a person can notify operators of underground facilities in the area of  proposed excavations and can request that the underground facilities be marked.

Just about anywhere you dig there could be buried underground utilities.  Homeowners and contractors can prevent damage to underground utilities and prevent service interruptions by calling Gopher State One-Call at least two working days prior to excavating.  GSOC takes information from callers who are digging, processes it in a computer, and notifies underground utility operators that may have utilities in the area.  The owners of the utilities will send personnel to mark and locate their utilities within two working days using the APWA Color Code below:

 Orange-Communication; Cable TV
Temporary Survey Markings
White Proposed Excavation (Sidewalk Repairs)

Anyone digging in Minnesota must call before digging if using power equipment. Even when hand digging, you are encouraged to call. The person who is doing the work is responsible for calling GSOC. If the owner contracts with a professional excavator to do the excavation, then the professional excavator is responsible for calling GSOC. To request a locate, you will need to complete the information on the Locate Ticket Form or for several locates use the Multiple Locates Ticket Form. Locate requests can be faxed (1-800-236-4697) or telephoned (1-800-252-1166) to Gopher State One-Call.

The service is free. JUST CALL BEFORE YOU DIG – IT IS THE LAW.

Call GSOC at least 2 working days before you dig.

Gopher State One-Call: 1-800-252-1166 or (651) 454-0002

A new service is being offered free to members and contractors. Send your ticket information “online” over the internet. For more information about the service follow the links at to TICKETS-ON-LINE.


The City of Winona requires any person constructing sidewalks, driveways, curbing and gutters within the city limits to be licensed with the exception of an owner doing work on their own property.

To make application for a Concrete License with the City of Winona you must submit evidence that you are properly trained and skilled in concrete construction along with the following:

Contractor Licensing:

2020 Licensing Information Packet
Concrete Permit
Annual License Fee – $25.00. Licenses will expire December 31, 2020.

All contractors who have been approved and hold a current Concrete License with the City of Winona are placed on the list of currently Concrete 2020. Homeowners are provided copies of this listing in order that they secure qualified contractors.

Guidelines, City Ordinances & Procedures:

MN DOT Standard Specifications
Walks – Section 2521 PDF
Concrete Curbing – Section 2531 PDF
Pedestrian Curb Ramps
Mn/DOT and City of Winona Drawings:
Concrete Walk & Curb Returns
Pedestrian Curb Ramps
Optional Warning Detail Handicap
City of Winona Guidelines & Procedures PDF
Winona City Code Section 25.14


Homeowner Bond and Permit Application – This form is for a homeowner who is going to do sidewalk work themselves. The cost is a one time fee of $10.00 for the permit. This bond must be signed by the homeowner and acknowledged by a Notary Public. There are Notary Publics in City Hall when you come to fill out the application.


The City of Winona requires persons making connections to sewers or drains within the city to be Drainlayer Licensed.  In addition, any person excavating and/or having its equipment or facilities within the right-of-way must be City of Winona Right-of-Way Registered and obtain the proper permit for such work.

To make application for a Drainlayers License, you must furnish the City Engineer satisfactory evidence that you are trained and skilled in the business and provide the following:

Contractor Licensing:

2020 Licensing Information Packet
ROW, Sewer, and/or Water Permit-PDF
Annual License Fee – $25.00   Licenses expire on December 31st, 2020.

All contractors who have been approved and hold a current Drainlayer’s License with the City of Winona are place on the list of current Licensed Drainlayers 2020. Homeowners are provided copies of this listing in order that they secure qualified contractors.

Permit Fees, Guidelines, City Ordinances & Procedures:

Permit Fees, Inspection Requirements, & Pavement Patch Responsibility PDF
112.13 Excavation and Trenching Policy 2013
Right-of-Way Hole Excavation Responsibility PDF
Winona City Code Chapter 26 Water Services PDF
Winona City Code Chapter 27 Sewers and Sewer Services PDF
Winona City Code Chapter 66-ROW


The City of Winona requires persons who occupy, use, or seeks to occupy or use the right-of-way or place any equipment or facilities in or on the right-of-way, including persons with installation and maintenance responsibilities by lease, sublease or assignment, must register with the city.  Registration consist of paying a one time fee and providing the following information.


2020 Licensing Information Packet
ROW Permit Form
A one time ever $40.00 fee is charged when you register for ROW the first time. No annual fee after that
License expires December 31st, 2020.

All contractors who have registered and been approved by the City of Winona to work in the right-of-way have been placed on the list of currently ROW 2020 contractors. In order to remain on this listing, your bond and insurance must remain current at all times.

Subcontractors working within city right-of-way do not need to register; however, they must provide a Certificate of Liability Insurance.

CITY PROJECTS:  When under contractor to perform work under a City of Winona or Port Authority contract, an excavation permit  is required and fees associated for this work will be waived.

CONSTRUCTION IN BOULEVARD:  No fence, raised planter box, trellis, statue, bollard, irrigation or lighting system, or any other structure shall be constructed or located on a boulevard by the property owner.


Permit Fees, Inspection Requirements, and Pavement Patch Responsibility (PDF)
Excavation and Trenching Policy (PDF)
Mobile Earth Moving Equipment Policy
Winona City Code Chapter 66-ROW


The City of Winona has established standards intended to eliminate and reduce unnecessary and excessive airblast overpressures, ground vibrations, and flyrock which are physically harmful and otherwise detrimental to individuals and the community in the enjoyment of life, property, and conduct of business. The standards established apply to the detonation of explosives used to excavate or fragment rock for excavation or production within the City Limits. Below are the appropriate permits and requirements that need to be followed in order to secure a permit for blasting.

Quarry Blasting Ordinance
Quarry Blasting Permit PDF


Capital Improvements

CIP 2020-2029 PDF


2021 Sidewalk Project Map

The City of Winona has been divided into sections to incorporate a maintenance program for replacement of hazardous sidewalks within the city. The city-wide sidewalk replacement map displays these 12 sections as listed below:

Sidewalk Replacement Areas

Irrigation Systems

Those properties with irrigation systems within the right-of-way would be advised to make repairs themselves or hire a contractor.  If any sidewalk or curb replacement is to be completed under the City of Winona’s sidewalk replacement project, any damage caused to the irrigation system will be at the owner’s expense.  It is advised that if the property owner has the concrete work completed by the City, that they have the entire irrigation system within the right-of-way exposed by May 1st, for a sidewalk replacement start date of mid-May.

Approved Sidewalk Repair Methods

All replacement and/or repairs to sidewalks and driveway approaches by the property owner or private contractor must first obtain a concrete permit from the City of Winona.  If no concrete permit is drawn, the property owner and/or contractor are subject to penalty under law.

Tripping Hazards 1/2-Inch or Greater; Options:

Replacement, any sidewalk panel that has sunk without any cracking, creating a tripping hazard of 1/2-inch or greater may be mud jacked to eliminate the hazard.  Mud jacking will only be allowed as long as the slabs are jacked with a cementitious material.

Spalled or Flaked Surfaces; Options:

Replacement, or Spalled and flaked surfaces may be filled with a grout/cementitious material.  It must be made sure that the existing concrete has been properly cleaned and all loose material removed before repair.  Any areas that are repaired may not cause any tripping hazards or uneven walking surfaces.  The surface must be troweled and feathered into the existing surface.

Sidewalk Replacement Protocol – Guidelines

The following guidelines are used by City staff to evaluate sidewalks within the public right-of-way for replacement:

  • The sidewalk inspector looks at the alignment of the sidewalks – most notably for tripping hazards. The American Disabilities Act (ADA) states that anything greater than ½ inch is considered a tripping hazard.
  • If the sidewalk is cracked it can be reasonably assumed the cracking will continue. The cracking, in most cases, will lead to pop-outs.   When the cracks occur close together, the piece of sidewalk between the cracks will pop out. The pop outs happen when secondary cracks occur or the cracking is near the joints. Any crack that is separated or deflected more than ½ inch will be marked for replacement. Any sidewalk panel with multiple cracking (spider cracking) that shows separation or movement will also be marked for replacement.
  • Spalling and flaking surfaces that are depressed ½ inch or greater and covers 1/3 of the total concrete panel will be marked for replacement. Surfaces left from spalling and flaking are extremely rough, trap water and may cause further damage to the concrete along with causing icy patches in the winter months.
  • Excessive joint width is also a problem. Heels and toes can get caught in the joint causing a person to trip. Any joint separated more than ½ inch without expansion material will be marked for replacement. Any joint that is differentiated from any adjacent concrete ½ inch or greater will also be marked for replacement.
    Sidewalks usually slope towards the streets for drainage purposes. Sidewalks sloped in any direction more than ½ inch per lineal foot, perpendicular to all pedestrian traffic shall be marked for replacement.
  • Trees causing sidewalk or street hazards and irregularities will be marked for further inspection. The City of Winona Engineering Department personnel and the City Forester will analyze the tree. All measures to save the tree will be taken. At that time the tree will be determined whether to remove or save the tree. The general health, type, boulevard width, street, gutter and sidewalk disruption will all be factored in the decision to remove or save the tree causing the hazard. Trees determined to be removed or saved will be at the City of Winona’s discretion. Trees that are removed in conjunction with the sidewalk project may or may not be replaced depending on the Forester’s recommendation. Any trees and stumps being removed within the boulevard will be at the expense of the City of Winona.


The City of Winona Wastewater Treatment Plant serves the needs of the City of Winona and also of the City of Goodview. From 1997 – 1999, the plant was upgraded at a cost of approximately $5 million. The current plant has a design capacity of 9.6 MGD (million gallons per day), which allows room for current and future expansion. Winona’s Wastewater Treatment Plant utilizes a trickling filter with activated sludge system to process influent. Treated sludge and wastewater are then discharged in accordance with the Plant’s permit. Some of the industries in Winona have large discharge requirements which do not fit the standard profile for smaller dischargers. These customers are served through special agreements with the Industrial Pre-Treatment area which allow handling these special discharges without compromising the operation of the plant.

What should I do when my sewer is backing up?

The first thing you should do when the sewer is backing up in your facility is call the sewer department at 457-8207. If there is no response at that number call the Law Enforcement Center at 454-6100 and they will call out a crew to the address.

Can sewer gas enter my home from the City sewer lines?

Sewer gas can enter a building when the water in a trap in the building evaporates. All fixtures that are connected to the sewer system must have traps on them. The water that is normally retained in the trap forms a barrier to the migration of gases.

I am not sure I should sewer this material. What should I do?

Never sewer anything that is highly flammable or explosive. Never allow mercury, or other toxic materials, to enter the sewer. Most potentially dangerous chemicals have labels, Material Safety Data Sheets, or accompanying literature that states whether or not the material is sewerable. Follow those instructions when they are given.

If the literature advises you to call the local sewer authority for permission to sewer a given material, please call us at 457-8207.

If there is any question in your mind as to whether or not you should sewer something, do not sewer the material without talking to us first. Thinking carefully before sewering materials will help to protect public safety, prevent upsets at the Wastewater Treatment Plant, and protect the water quality of the Mississippi River. Think about the potential danger of sewering a substance that will produce a dangerous gas in light of the fact that the atmosphere in the City sewer lines can migrate into facilities under certain conditions.


City Resources:

 External Resources:

Raingarden Information:

The City of Winona raingarden program offers residents the chance to receive up to $250 towards the construction of a raingarden. The first round of applications closes on Friday April 21, 2017. For questions, please contact John Howard: [email protected] or 457-8273.

Raingardens 2017 Application PDF Form

General Info:

The Clean Water Act (CWA) was introduced in 1972 to help establish structure for regulating pollutant discharges into the water of the United States. This also introduced the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) which prohibits discharges of pollutants from any point source into the nation’s waters except as allowed by the NPDES permit. Phase I was issued in 1990 for large storm sewer systems and Phase II for smaller communities was signed in October of 1999.  The City of Winona operates under the Phase II of the NPDES MS4 General Permit.

The City’s Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) comprised of inlets, outlets, storm pipes, ponds, and other storm sewer structures that help convey stormwater throughout the City while reducing the amount of sediment and pollution that is collected before it exits the City and outfalls into various bodies of water nearby.

The City of Winona is required to follow the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency’s (MPCA) NPDES MS4 General Permit, which is intended to reduce the amount of sediment and pollution that enters surface and ground water from storm sewer systems to the maximum extent practicable. As a part of the MS4 General Permit, the City is required to develop a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Program (SWPPP) that incorporates Best Management Practices (BMPs) applicable to its MS4.

Beginning January 1, 2003, a storm sewer utility was created by ordinance and a fee has been collected along with the quarterly billing for the water and sanitary sewer utilities. The purpose of the fee is to pay for increased treatment monitoring and education related to storm water runoff, as required by EPA Federal regulations. Fees collected will also be used for regular maintenance of the existing storm water collection system.

The Storm Sewer Utility fee is based on the size and zoned usage of the property. Theoretically, a large property or a property with significant impervious surface will generate more rainwater runoff than one that is smaller or less developed. The factors used to calculate the fee take this into consideration.

Community Hotline:

John Howard Natural Resources Sustainability  507-457-8273 or


What is stormwater management?

Stormwater Management is a program designed to reduce the pollution of surface water, such as ponds, and state waters such as streams, rivers and lakes. The City of Winona is classified as a “municipal separate storm sewer system”, or MS4. Beginning in 2007, Winona created and implemented a stormwater pollution prevention program (SWPPP) as required by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).

The SWPPP requires six minimum control measures:

  • Public education & outreach;
  • Public participation/involvement;
  • Illicit discharge, detection & elimination;
  • Construction site runoff control;
  • Post-construction site runoff control; and
  • Pollution prevention/good housekeeping.

Winona’s storm sewer system comprises not only the storm drains and storm sewers, but also any channel carrying storm runoff to surface water, including city streets, curbs, gutters, and ditches.

Why is it important?

Stormwater runoff may be a major source of water pollution. Pollution can occur as stormwater runoff collects contaminants or trash. This unwanted runoff can occur from impervious surfaces such as roadways, roofs, parking lots, and sidewalks. Even yards and agricultural fields can add to the pollution if not properly managed.

Some of the pollutants carried in stormwater runoff are obvious, like road salt, oil and grease, dirt and debris. Others are less obvious, such as fertilizers and pesticides, animal waste, and other chemicals.

Here in Winona, between the highly erodable bluffs and the Mississippi River, we are especially vulnerable to erosion and surface water contamination.

What can I  do?

A very important part of the SWPPP is public involvement. We need, and welcome, your participation and suggestions.


  • Be aware of the stormwater management program.
  • Follow ordinance regulations.
  • Contact us with any comments, questions or suggestions.
  • Properly dispose of all material such as paint, fertilizer, insecticides etc. Contact the Winona County Hazardous Waste depot, located at 225 W. 2nd St. or call (507) 457-6405.
  • Report any violations you observe.


  • Allow any improper discharge to the storm sewer system, including streets and gutters, including chemicals or litter.
  • “Look away” if you see a violation. This could be chemical or trash dumping, or construction material not contained with a silt fence, for example.

The purpose of the Stormwater Management Plan is to control or eliminate stormwater pollution, soil erosion and sedimentation within the City. Winona City Code Chapter 68 outlines the standards and specifications for erosion and sedimental control and stormwater management.

When an applicants’ project meets any one of the Project Site Requirements, you must comply with Chapter 68 prior to obtaining a building permit or subdivision approval.

Project Site Requirements:

  1. City of Winona Small Site Plan Review Checklist
  2. City of Winona Large Site Plan Review Checklist
  3. Exemptions

No building permit shall be issued nor shall a subdivision be approved until the Stormwater Management Plan has been approved or a Waiver of the Stormwater Management Plan has been granted by the Winona City Council.

Securing a Permit:


The Street Department operates out of the Central Garage to maintain city streets and alleys.

Responsibilities of the 12 full-time employees in the Street Department include:
” 130* miles of streets
” over 200 alleys
” 10.5 miles of flood dike
” 5 flood pumping stations
” 4 harbors
” 17 downtown parking lots

Snow Removal
The Winona Street Department uses both chemical and mechanical snow removal techniques, depending on the conditions and amount of snowfall. When plowing of city streets and parking lots is necessary, they attempt to clear the entire city within three days. In order to accomplish this, the city has established an Alternate Side Parking ordinance (Section 61.56.of the Winona City Code.) The City of Winona does not remove snow from alleys.

Alternate Side Parking
From November 15th to March 15th, between the hours of 12:01 a.m. and 6:30 a.m., vehicles may only be parked on the side of the street with even numbered houses on even calendar dates, and on the side with odd numbered houses on odd calendar dates.
This policy is designed to allow plowing and removal of snow to the curb on at least one side of each street. It also allows time for cleaning leaves and debris from storm drains in the fall, and removing sand in the spring.


Hours: 7:00 am-3:30 pm Monday through Friday               

After Hours Emergency: Call the Law Enforcement Center 457-6302

Water Quality Reports

The Winona Water Utility is delivering to residents your 2016 annual water quality report. This document is the result of two important pieces of legislation: the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)of 1974 and it’s reauthorization in 1996. The 1974 legislation began the task of guaranteeing each American a supply of safe drinking water. The 1996 reauthorization required each water utility to report annually on the quality of drinking water provided. The City of Winona welcomes this opportunity to inform you about your water quality. We’re pleased to report that Winona water quality meets all state and federal regulations for safe, reliable drinking water.


Does the water we drink come from the Mississippi River?

The water supplied to the city comes from deep and shallow wells located in Levee Park and the Westfield well field. The depths of these wells are from 142′ to 502′ in depth. The exception to this is the Wincrest area that has two wells that are 1070′ deep.   

Is the water safe to drink every day?

The water is chlorinated to kill any micro-organisms and bacteria that may be present. The Minnesota Dept. of Health requires us to sample at a minimum of 30 locations throughout the city at least once a month and send them to an independent lab for testing. If a positive sample shows up then there is a retest, if positive again a notice is sent to all residents telling them to boil the water till the problem is resolved. 2014 City of Winona Water Quality Report

What is the definition of safe water?

Water is considered safe to drink if it came from a natural source (river, lake, spring, groundwater) and it meets or is better than all of the federal, state, and provincial standards that are legally enforceable. In the United States if your tap water does not meet any one of the standards, according to the law, your water supplier must notify all its customer as of the problem. Water is called potable when it is safe to drink. “Potable” rhymes with “floatable”.

What other chemicals are added to the water we drink?

The State mandates us to add fluoride to the water which we do at the Johnson Street Plant, Westfield Plant, and the Wincrest Wells.; We take a sample daily of the fluoride level and a monthly report is sent to the Minnesota Dept. of Health to show compliance with state laws.

I am installing a water softener and need to know the hardness of the water. How hard is the water supplied to the city?

The hardness of the water is 14 grains or 220 PPM.

Why is my water so discolored lately?

The water being pumped out of the Johnson Street and Westfield Plants is being filtered at this time. There are a few reasons that your water may be discolored. If there was a fire in your area often times this will make the water discolored because of a large demand for water going through the water mains. You may have a service leak which will discolor the water. We flush the water mains in the spring and fall, this will cause discolored water.

Why did my water bill go up so much?

There are many reasons to have a water bill higher than normal. You may have a leaky toilet (the number one cause), out side faucet was left on, water softener not working properly, other water related appliances not working properly. Also if you do not have a newer style water meter that can be read from the outside of your home we may not have been able to get an actual reading. This will result in an estimated reading and we would not be able to determine if you have a leak in that three month period. Please contact us if you need to have a newer style meter installed in your residence. This will guarantee that the water will be read every quarter. The Water Department will gladly come to your residence to help you in any way that we can.

When is my water meter read for my bill?

The water department reads water meters every month. The city is divided into three sections so that your water meter is read every third month. Example: all meters west of Grand Street were read in February and your bill was mailed to you the first of March. We will read the meter again in May and the bill will be mailed the first of June.: Meters east of Franklin Street were read in January and the bill sent the first of February, we will read these east meters again in April with your bill mailed to you in May.

I heard that there is an ongoing meter change out program happening in the city. How do I get on the list to get mine changed?

We currently have about 90-95% of the meters changed to the new “ECR” type meter. “ECR” stands for “Electronic Encode Register” and we are able to read these meters by touching the small box we attach to the outside of your home. If you don’t now have one of these types please call our office and we can set up an appointment to change your meter to a new one. This will mean that every quarter we can get an actual reading for your water usage and not have to estimate your usage on your water bill.

On my water bill it says cubic feet, how many gallons is that?

One cubic foot of water is equal to 7.48 gallons, one hundred cubic feet of water is equal to 748 gallons.

What is the pipe of some type sticking up in the area between the street and the sidewalk in front of my house?

The pipe is the “stop box” for your water service. There is a valve under ground on your water line that is accessed with a special wrench through this pipe. In an emergency situation (water flooding your basement) this is where your plumber or the water department would turn off the water to your home. If this pipe is bent, broken, or filled with dirt then the water may not be able to be shut off in time to prevent flooding of the basement. This “stop box” is the home owner’s responsibility to keep in good operating condition.

I have very low water pressure and there is is sound like water running even when all my faucets are off. What could cause this?

It appears that you may have a service leak. The piping to your home may have broken and the water is flowing out into the ground (the noise you hear). The low pressure is because not all the water is coming into your home but leaking out at the break. This should be addressed immediately since the water leaking into the ground may start flowing into your basement or your neighbors basement resulting in property damage. If this is the case call the Water Department or the Law Enforcement Center after hours for help.

What can I do to prevent my water from freezing in the winter?

Your water meter is where the water service first enters your home. This meter is designed with a frost plate that will break when water in the meter freezes. This is to prevent further damage to the rest of the meter. We suggest that you eliminate all cold drafts in the area of the meter and other piping. In the case of services that are notorious for freezing we suggest to let a small stream of water flowing through the pipes during the colder part of winter.

I am interested in where my water comes from. Is there a way that I can see the City Water Plant?

We do give tours of the Water Plant to many school classes through out the year and would be happy to show you our operations here. Please get in touch with us and we will try to help.


Have questions about something in Public Works? Check below!!! 



The Winona Compost Site is operated under contract by Minnesota Wood Recyclers.

Bruce Reed Manager (507) 452-3885
Location: 1815 Shives Road, P.O. Box 325 Winona, MN 55987
Hours of Operation: March 21 – November 21 Noon – 6PM Mon. – Fri
9AM – 5PM Sat
November 22 – March 30 Call for appointment


Who Can Use The Site:

Winona County residents delivering bagged or de-bagged yard waste and prunings.
Landscape and lawn service companies.
Haulers delivering bagged or de-bagged yard waste and loads of yard waste and prunings.


At Home:

  • Load your yard waste into reusable containers at home
  • Keep yard waste separate from brush.
  • Bring only yard waste and brush to the facility.

At The Yard Waste Facility:

  • Check in at the office. (Be prepared to show driver’s license.)
  • Pay your required fee.
  • De-bag or unload your yard waste at the specified location.
  • Unload brush at the specified location.
  • Take your containers home. REUSE THEM!
  • Yard Waste: Leaves, Grass, Garden wastes, Prunings, Weeds, Sod stripping

Brush: Limbs, Branches, Logs

Yard Waste Banned From Landfill
Effective January 1, 1992, all yard waste was banned from landfill disposal by State of Minnesota law. Yard waste can no longer be put in garbage bags or garbage cans for collection with refuse.

  • Yard waste was banned from landfills for three reasons:Yard waste makes up an annual average of 12% of waste in landfills
  • Yard waste can be easily and naturally composted into a valuable soil amendment, and
  • Yard waste produces methane gas in landfill conditions.
  • Uses for Yard Waste Compost and Wood Chip
  • Chips are used primarily as a mulch around shrubs and trees and in flower beds to control weeks and conserve moisture. Compost can be used for the same purposes.
  • Chips can also be used for pathways and to stabilize soft soil.
  • Compost can be used in clay soils to improve the moisture holding capacity and soil texture.
  • Compost added to a soil with poor organic content will increase the utilization of plant nutrients.
  • Compost can be substituted for peat moss when preparing a potting soil
  • When using compost is a starter bed or a potting mix, it is recommended that one part of compost be mixed with two parts of soil.
  • The pH of compost is slightly alkaline and will reduce liming requirements on acid soils.

Products Available

Wood Chips
Compost Tips

  • For best results apply your compost in the fall.
  • Every time you tear open your trash bag, you waste 17 cents. REUSE IT.
  • For information on backyard composting call – Winona County Environmental Services at 457-6460

All of our construction projects are currently listed with Click the link below to see current projects.